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1945-1957

In this range of time, Religious court experienced at least seven different events. Those were when Religious Court was affiliated to the Ministry of Religious Affairs, the issuance of Law No. 22/1946, the issuance of Law No. 19/1948, when Indonesia turned into Federation Republic of Indonesia (RIS), the issuance of emergency Law No. 1/1951, and the issuance of Law No. 32/ 1954.

The affiliation of Religious Court to the Ministry of Religious Affairs was based on Government Regulation No. 5-SD/1946. While Law No. 22/1946 regulated the procedure of marriage registration, including royal family of Yogyakarta and Surakarta Kingdoms which previously had specificity dealing with marriage procedure. Unfortunately, the issuance of Law No. 19/1048 resulted in obscurity of Religious court competence. This Law determined three scopes of courts: General Court, State Administrative Court, and Military Court. The competence of Religious Court was fused to General Court competence. This fusion led to the objection of several influential public figures as well as ulama all over Indonesia. They urged the government to let Religious Court as it was. Responding this strong criticism, the government decided not to impose this controversy Law. In the era of Federation Republic, Religious Court continued to live as it was. Indeed, Religious Court came to appear in East Sumatera within this era, even though Federation Republic period ended in August 1950. When Emergency Law No. 1/1951 was issued, some of courts incompatible with the spirit of Indonesian Republic had been abrogated, but Religious Court was kept to exist. The objective of issuing Law No. 32/ 1954 was to support and broaden the scope of Law No. 22/1946 on marriage registration, divorce and marriage reconciliation to prevail in all areas in the country.

Office Address

Supreme Court Secretariat Building  (Lt. 6-8)

Jl. Jend. Ahmad Yani Kav. 58 ByPass Jakarta Pusat

Telp: 021-29079177 
Fax: 021-29079277

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